History of the Electric Vehicle

By June 17, 2015 Blog

The electric vehicle, for many, appears to be a brand new concept that has only just recently hit the roads; however, the EV has actually been around since the early 1800s! The first small-scale electric car was born in 1828, while the first crude electric vehicle was developed in 1832 by Robert Anderson; although these cars did not become practical until the 1870s or later. The US followed the trend in 1889 when William Morrison created the first successful electric vehicle in the United States. As the century was coming to a close, electric vehicles hit their peak in the US, accounting for one third of all vehicles on the road. Unfortunately, this only lasted for a short period of time, as the Model T and cheaper gasoline prices made petroleum powered vehicles the more affordable option around the 1930s. Over the next 30 years, the trend remained the same with gasoline-powered vehicles controlling the market. However, gas prices soared in the 1960s-1970s, sparking interest in alternative energy vehicles again. Over the next 30 to 40 years, EVs gained a lot more attention from both buyers and sellers, reinvigorating the production of these vehicles. Due to government regulations, automakers began converting popular models into electric vehicles, making them competitive in terms of speed and performance. In 2006, Tesla entered the frame and created the biggest name in the EV world. Since then, the US has seen a major increase in charging infrastructure, a drop in battery costs, and a multitude of EV choices, setting the stage for the future take over of electric vehicles. “If the U.S. transitioned all the light-duty vehicles to hybrids or plug-in electric vehicles, we could reduce our dependence on foreign oil by 30-60 percent, while lowering the carbon pollution from the transportation sector by as much as 20” (“The History of the Electric Car.” Energy.gov).

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